Chinese New Year, also known as Spring Festival (春节 chūnjié), is the most important traditional holiday in China. It is celebrated following the lunar calendar, so its date is different every year if we take into account the Gregorian calendar. For Chinese astrology there are 12 signs that are represented by 12 animals (十二生肖 shí'èr shēngxiào). Each lunar year corresponds to an animal (rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, goat, monkey, rooster, dog and pig), which confers its characteristics to the personality of those born under its sign. The Spring Festival was born from the ancient agricultural rites and offerings made to the divinities of heaven and earth, to obtain good harvests and a favorable year. Nowadays it is a holiday that is celebrated with the family, with great meals, and celebrations inside and outside the home.
Chinese New Year in 2024: the Year of the Wooden Dragon
The Wood Dragon occupies the fifth place in the Chinese horoscope. As in the rest of the Chinese horoscope signs, the Dragon can be of one of five types with their different personality traits: Wood Dragon, Fire Dragon, Earth Dragon, Metal Dragon and Water Dragon. This Chinese New Year corresponds to the Wood Dragon and starts on February 10, 2024 and ends on January 28, 2025.
The Dragon, the only mythical being in the Chinese zodiac, symbolizes strength, health and good luck. In China, it is placed on doors and roofs to ward off demons. More babies are born in its zodiacal year than in any other. In addition, the dragon is an emblem in martial arts, spreading globally as a symbol of strength and skill, especially in the Western world, where many professionals adopt its symbolism.
The celebration in Barcelona
Since its first edition in the current format (2014), the Chinese New Year has become a cultural event of reference in Barcelona. The celebration has achieved a great citizen and media repercussion, not only in the national and regional media, but also in China.
Barcelona celebrates the Chinese New Year on February 3 with an extensive program of activities that will immerse attendees in the ancient Chinese culture. The main event will take place at Passeig Lluís Companys / Arc de Triomf, from 10:00 am to 8:00 pm, with various shows of traditional Chinese culture to welcome the Year of the Dragon. In addition, there will be a gastronomic and cultural fair where visitors can enjoy traditional dishes and participate in workshops on Chinese culture. The celebration will include a parade in the morning from the Estació del Nord Park at 11:00 am, shows on the central stage under the Arc de Triomf.
The Chinese New Year celebration is supported by the Fundació Institut Confuci de Barcelona, Casa Asia, the Barcelona City Council and the Consulate General of the P.R. China in Barcelona.