Barcelona's architecture

Barcelona, cities into the city. History.

The Roman city: Barcino, the first Roman township, was founded at the end of the first century B.C. However the name Barcino dates from an earlier settlement possibly dating from the first half of the 1st millennium B.C.. Roman Barcino was a small city of about 100 hectares bounded by walls 2 metres thick. The walls were strengthened and the height increased in the 3rd century A.D.. Impressive stretches of the walls remain notably parallel to Via Laietana at Plaça Ramon Berenguer. To the right of the cathedral, twin towers of the Portal de l'Angel flank the entrance to Carrer del Bisbe (note: street names are shown in italic and Catalan - Carrer is Catalan for street). The lower sections of these semi-circular towers are Roman. Much else remains buried under the medieval city. The Roman forum is believed to lie under the Plaça Sant Jaume. Nearby, at number 10 Carrer del Paradis, three columns of the Temple of Augustus can be seen in their original position, well below the present street level. Clearly a Roman back-water, Barcelona's periods of glory were still to come. Metro: Jaume I (Line 4). The medieval city: By the end of the 13th century Catalunya had grown rich on exports to the rest of the Mediterranean and as far as Flanders. This area of the city is known as the Barri Gòtic (Catalan), Barrio Gótico (Spanish) or Gothic Quarter. The modern city: In the 19th century, two great events shaped the present Barcelona. In 1854 the Bourbon walls, built following the surrender to Felipe V in 1714, were torn down. This allowed the city the possibility to expand. In 1859 a competition for a town plan was won by Idelfons Cerdà, an engineer rather than an architect. Cerdà's plan was an uncompromising grid of streets with three great avenues cutting across. Thus we have the layout of the present day Eixample (enlargement). Cerdà's stroke of genius was to cut the corners of each block at a 45º angle, to make small squares at the intersections which give light, space and air to what might have been an oppressive grid-iron. It was not until the end of the century that work seriously started on filling in the grid with buildings. Fate allowed the happy conjunction of rich patrons, architects of genius, and unsurpassed craftsmanship. In the years before and after the start of the 20th century, Barcelona produced its version of art nouveau - modernisme. Antoni Gaudí, Domènech i Montaner y Josep Puig i Cadafalch were the principal exponents of Catalán Modernism.

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Sagrada Família - Antoni Gaudí
Modernist buildings & monuments
Eixample Dreta

The temple of the Sagrada Familia is the most famous work of Antoni Gaudí (Reus, 1852 - Barcelona, ​​1926) and the clearest exponent of his visiona

Casa Mila - La Pedrera - Antoni Gaudí
Modernist buildings & monuments
Eixample Dreta

The Casa Milà, known as La Pedrera, is a modernist building that was designed by the architect Antoni Gaudí and built between 1906 and 1910.

Parc Güell  - Antoni Gaudí
Modernist buildings & monuments
Gràcia

An urban park next to Carrer d'Olot standing on the Muntanya Pelada to the north of the Barcelona district of Gràcia.

Casa Batlló
Modernist buildings & monuments
Eixample Esquerra

This building (1904-1906) is a fantastic combination of colors and forms located on Passeig de Gràcia of Barcelona, on the island of houses known a

Barcelona Cathedral
Medieval buildings & monuments
Ciutat Vella - Barri Gòtic

The Cathedral of Santa Creu and Santa Eulàlia of Barcelona was built between the years 1317-1441.

Palau de la Música Catalana
Modernist buildings & monuments
Ciutat Vella - La Ribera / Born

This building, besides authentic music palace, is a modernist fine display of ceramics, sculptures and stained glass, especially in the interior.

Recinto Modernista de Sant Pau
Modernist buildings & monuments
Eixample Dreta

The Modernist complex of the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau (1902-1930), Unesco world heritage since 1997, built in the purest Art Nouveau is

Santa Maria del Mar
Medieval buildings & monuments
Ciutat Vella - La Ribera / Born

The exterior of the Santa Maria del Mar (1329-1383) offers a compact look that does not convey what we will find inside.

Casa de les Punxes
Modernist buildings & monuments
Eixample Dreta

The Casa Terrades, better known as the Casa de les Punxes, was designed by the modernist architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch.

Poble Espanyol
Other buildings and emblematic monuments
Sants Montjuïc

The Poble Espanyol is an open-air museum that was built in 1929 on the occasion of the Barcelona International Exhibition.

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