At the beginning of the 17th century, the Bolognese artist Annibale Carracci engaged the noble Spanish banker Juan Enríquez de Herrera to fresco his family's chapel, founded by Diego de Herrera, in the church of San Jaime de los Españoles in Rome.
The artist's idea was to dedicate the entire work to the Franciscan saint Diego de Alcalá. Due to illness, Annibale Carracci had to delegate the project to Francesco Albani . In the 1830s the frescoes were removed from the walls and transferred to canvas, and were sent to Spain soon after. Seven of the frescoes were kept in the Prado Museum, and the other nine, which can currently be seen in the Museu Nacional, in the Reial Acadèmia Catalana de Belles Arts de Sant Jordi. The whereabouts of the other three fragments that are missing to complete the set are not known, although it is believed that they were deposited in the church of Santa Maria de Montserrato, in Rome.
The exhibition is completed with a selection of drawings attributed to Carracci or his workshop , from the Acadèmia de Sant Jordi itself and from Europe, and the altarpiece from Santa Maria de Montserrato, also the work of Carracci and his disciples. The exhibition was first presented at the Prado Museum, from March 8 to June 12, 2022.